Terpenes

Terpenes, like cannabinoids are formed in the trichome of the cannabis plant. Terpenes are responsible for the flavor and aroma of cannabis. As any seasoned cannabis consumer knows, there are a myriad of smells and tastes that can happen within cannabis. From a skunky, herbaceous aroma, to a sweet or tangy aroma. It is widely accepted within the cannabis community that the mixture of cannabinoids and terpenes working together within the body contribute to a higher level of medicinal value vs cannabinoids alone.
As you can see from the infographic to the left of this paragraph, there are a large number of terpenes each with their own unique qualities. We will be focusing on some of the most common.

Myrcene

Seen as the most common cannabis derived terpenes, we’ll take a closer look at myrcene first. As detailed in this article, myrcene is believed to have a range of potential benefits all on its own. A powerful antioxidant, myrcene may possibly help fight free radicals, thus reducing the risk of contracting certain cancers. It has also shown to have anti inflammatory potential, anti aging potential, and the potential to produce analgesic or pain relieving effects in some cases.

The graphic to the right shows some of the typical flavor characteristics of myrcene. Myrcene is known to have a calming, sedative effect when combined with cannabinoids such as THC. This is why most strains you might think of as indica will likely have a high myrcene content. 

Contrary to popular belief, indica, and sativa are only representative of the way the cannabis plant grows and not how the cannabis will make you feel. That is all accomplished with the blend of cannabinoids and terpenes working together, interacting with your endocannabinoid system. Some terpenes are more commonly found in sativa’s or indicas which is where our current way of thinking comes from but as time goes on and cultivars become more and more hybridized, there will be cultivars that do not conform to this way of thinking.

Pinene

Another common terpene is called Pinene. As you may have guessed from the name, pinene is responsible for the piney, sweet notes common in many of todays most popular cannabis cultivars. 

Pinene is believed to have a role in mood elevation, stress relief, creativity and alertness. This terpene is something generally though to be most prevalent in classic sativa cannabis cultivars, like hawaiian haze, and panama red.

Despite this, pinene can also be found in abundance within several hybrid and indica cultivars as well. Some examples include Blue Zkittlez (indica), Gorilla Breath (hybrid), Blue Gelato (hybrid and Big Bud (indica).

Pinene is a bit more complex than some of the other terpenes out there because there are actually 2 terpenes called pinene each with their own unique characteristics. We refer to these as alpha pinene and beta pinene. Beta pinene is a bit more spicy than alpha pinene which lends to its character as a bronchodilator as well as potential anti-inflammatory properties.

Limonene

Another uplifting terpene, limonene lends a sweet, citrusy aroma to the cultivars it is contained within. Also found in abundance in citrus fruits, limonen has been used to make medicines for a long time now.  With uses for everything from weight loss, to cancer  treatment, limonene really does more than its fair share when contributing to the entourage effect that can be achieved with the use of well formulated, balanced medical cannabis preparations.

Some other ailments that limonene has been purported to help with are anxiety, depression and stress relief. 

If you are wanting a cultivar that is rich in limonene, there are loads to choose from. Any strain with the word cake in the name is a good place to start your search. Other cultivars worth a mention are MAC, purple hindu kush and tahoe OG.

Drop by your local Lotus Gold today and ask for a cultivar that has limonene as the dominant terpene. We will give you an experience worth coming back for.

Caryophyllene

caryophyllene, or beta-caryophyllene as it is commonly referred is not only found in cannabis. Originally derived from black pepper, caryophyllene lends  a spicy, peppery aroma to the cannabis cultivars containing it. As one of the few terpenes that is able to bind with the receptors of the endocannabinoid system, caryophyllene has a more direct path to affect the human body than some of the other terpenes who may not have quite the binding ability needed to produce noticible effects on their own.

with well documented anti inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and antibacterial properties beta caryophyllene is a powerhouse of a terpene that should definitely be incorporated into your cannabis regimen.

Found in many of the most popular cultivars on the market today, people have already taken notice of caryophyllenes beneficial properties. In fact, unless you are day 1 new to cannabis most likely caryophyllene is already one of your favorites.

Found in cultivars such as GSC, Bubba Kush, Sour Diesel, and Chemdawg.

Unsure which is right for you? Drop by you local Lotus Gold location and let our knowledgeable staff make sure your cannabis needs are taken care of.

The number of terpenes that exist within cannabis is so numerous that pages upon pages could be written here, going through each one individually. I have covered some of the most well known, most popular and most readily available in this article. There are so many more to explore that I strongly encourage you to do your own research so that you are better equipped to understand your own needs, thus leading to an overall positive, more informed journey into cannabis as a medicine. If you aren’t sure where to start, you can always drop by your local Lotus Gold and speak with one of our staff. They are quite knowledgeable and take pride in helping you make the best decision in your self guided quest for healthcare. Drop in today! We’ll be glad to see you!