Nestled in the foothills of the Ozark Mountains, Tahlequah, OK, was originally founded when the Cherokee Native Americans were relocated from the southeastern part of the United States. The Native Americans were given four acres in this area of Oklahoma. In 1839 Tahlequah was established as the capital of both the Cherokee Nation and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Native Americans. Tahlequah, OK information can be seen at this link.
Tahlequah was a thriving city right from the beginning. In only five years, the city already had four prosperous stores. In 1843 the townsite was surveyed and found that it covered 160 acres. Also in 1843, the Native Americans held an intertribal council where ten thousand people attended, representing 21 different tribes of the area. A flurry of the building began. The National Hotel was built in 1844, the first school in 1845, and the post office in 1847. Discover facts about Brookside Center in Tahlequah, OK.
Civil War Times
The Cherokee was bitterly divided during the Civil War. The town suffered the effects of that division. Many buildings were destroyed during the war, mainly because most buildings were constructed of wood and logs.
After the War
After the war ended, the Cherokee built a brick capitol in 1870. When Oklahoma became a state in 1907, the building became the Cherokee County courthouse.